18th Lok Sabha's first session starts; PM Modi, MPs take oath.

18th Lok Sabha’s first session starts; PM Modi, MPs take oath.

18th Lok Sabha’s first session starts; PM Modi, MPs take oath.

The first session of the 18th Lok Sabha is anticipated to be stormy as opposition parties are likely to confront the BJP-led NDA government over the election of the Speaker scheduled for June 26. The opposition’s strategy appears to focus on challenging the ruling coalition on this crucial appointment, potentially leading to heated debates and discussions. The session is set to witness intense political maneuvering as both sides prepare to assert their positions. Given the significance of the Speaker’s role in parliamentary proceedings, the outcome of this election will be closely watched and could set the tone for the legislative agenda moving forward.

First Session of the 18th Lok Sabha Begins: Key Highlights

New Delhi: The first session of the 18th Lok Sabha commenced on Monday, beginning with the “Observance of silence,” a solemn tradition marking the occasion of the first sitting. This act was the first item on the agenda for the day, setting a respectful tone for the proceedings.

Prime Minister Modi Takes Oath

Prime Minister Narendra Modi took the oath as a member of the 18th Lok Sabha, marking his third consecutive term in office. Modi, who returned to power earlier this month, along with his Council of Ministers, was sworn in on June 9. Retaining the Varanasi seat, which he has held since 2014, Modi, as the Leader of the House, was the first to take the oath.

Formalities and Procedures

Following the Prime Minister, the Secretary-General laid on the Table a comprehensive list of Members elected to the 18th Lok Sabha. This list, in both Hindi and English versions, was submitted by the Election Commission of India and detailed the results of the General Elections of 2024. This process ensured the formal recognition of all elected members.

Subsequently, the newly elected members began taking their oaths or making affirmations, signing the Roll of Members, and taking their seats in the House. This ritual is a critical part of the parliamentary process, officially inducting the members into their legislative roles.

Anticipated Challenges and Opposition Strategy

The first session is expected to be contentious, with the opposition poised to challenge the BJP-led NDA government on several fronts. Key issues include:

  1. Election of the Speaker: The election of the Speaker on June 26 is anticipated to be a major point of contention. The Speaker’s role is crucial in maintaining order and ensuring the smooth functioning of the House, and the opposition is likely to leverage this election to assert its stance.
  2. Allegations of Paper Leaks: The opposition plans to raise serious concerns regarding the alleged paper leaks in NEET-UG and UGC-NET exams. These allegations have sparked widespread outrage and demand accountability and transparency from the government.
  3. Appointment of the Pro-Tem Speaker: There is also expected to be a row over the appointment of the pro-tem Speaker. The pro-tem Speaker’s role is temporary but significant, overseeing the swearing-in of members and the Speaker’s election.

Historical Context and Significance

The beginning of a new Lok Sabha session is always a momentous occasion, symbolizing the democratic process and the continuity of governance. This session, in particular, carries additional weight as it marks the start of Prime Minister Modi’s third term, reflecting the electorate’s continued support and the expectations placed upon the government.

Broader Implications

The opposition’s strategy to confront the government on these critical issues underscores the vibrant and dynamic nature of India’s parliamentary democracy. These debates and discussions are essential for holding the government accountable and ensuring that diverse viewpoints are represented.

The outcome of these confrontations, especially the election of the Speaker, will set the tone for the legislative agenda in the coming months. It will also influence the government’s ability to navigate through potential obstacles and implement its policies effectively.


As the 18th Lok Sabha’s first session unfolds, all eyes will be on the interactions between the ruling party and the opposition. The robust discussions and strategic maneuvers that characterize such sessions are vital for the health of democracy, reflecting the checks and balances inherent in the parliamentary system.

The coming days will reveal how these issues are addressed and what implications they will have for India’s political landscape. For now, the focus remains on the commitment to uphold democratic principles and the smooth functioning of the Lok Sabha, ensuring that the voice of every elected representative is heard and respected.

President Droupadi Murmu administered the oath to BJP lawmaker Bhartruhari Mahtab as the pro-tem Speaker of the Lok Sabha. The Lok Sabha Speaker election is set for June 26, and President Murmu will address both houses of Parliament on June 27. The NDA secured 293 seats in the general elections, while the INDIA bloc won 234, including 100 by the Congress.

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